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Dental, Oral and Craniofacial
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Oral Health, U.S. 2002 Annual Report
Section 3: PERIODONTAL DISEASES
3.1 Percentage of adults with gingivitis

The prevalence of gingivitis varies by race/ethnicity and gender. Albandar et al. (1999) reported that gingivitis is more prevalent in Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic blacks than in non-Hispanic whites and more prevalent in males than in females in the U.S. population. In this study 50.3% of the U.S. population aged 30 years or older had gingivitis.

SOURCE OF DATA
The analyses reported here are based on the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) 1988�1994, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Individuals 20 years or older with bleeding on probing at one or more sites were classified as having gingivitis.


  • Among the U.S. population aged 20 years and older, 52.9% had gingivitis.
  • Differences by race/ethnicity (Figure 3.1.1)
    • A greater percentage of Mexican Americans than non-Hispanic whites had gingivitis.
  • Differences by federal poverty level (Figure 3.1.1)
    • A greater percentage of persons living below the federal poverty level than persons living at or above the federal poverty level had gingivitis.
  • Differences by education
    • A greater percentage of persons with less than a 12th grade education than persons with more than a 12th grade education had gingivitis.

Bullets reference data that can be found in Table 3.1.1.

REFERENCES
Albandar JM, Kingman A. Gingival recession, gingival bleeding, and dental calculus in adults 30 years of age and older in the United States, 1988�1994. J Periodontol 1999;70:30�43.

Figure 3.1.1. Prevalence of gingival bleeding among adults aged 20 and older by selected demographic characteristics

Bar graph representing Prevalence of gingival bleeding among adults aged 20 and older by selected demographic characteristics. Description of graph in following D link[D]

Data source: The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) 1988�1994, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


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